"All places I have seen .......... none can compare to thee."
-Guru Arjan Dev Ji (5th Guru of the Sikhs)
is the most sacred city for the world's 16
million Sikhs. It lies in the
state of Punjab in North-west India.
The city rests on a large, flat plain which
reaches across into Pakistan to the north,
where it rises into the Himalaya and Karakoram
most striking image of Amritsar is its enormous
pool, with the magnificent Harimandir Sahib
- Golden Temple adorning its center. The
name Amritsar itself, means "pool of nectar" and its waters are said to bring relief from illnesses to those who bathe in
them (with complete faith and devotion)
by Guru Ram Das Ji (4th Guru of the Sikhs),
it was completed by his successor Guru Arjan
Dev Ji during the 1570's. It was in 1803
that this town was incorporated into the
of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The cultural, economic
and political development of Amritsar was
largely the work of this monarch who took
great pains to make it the spiritual capital,
as well as the main commercial and cultural
center of his kingdom.
has since undergone many changes and has
been demolished and rebuilt several times.
Today it still stands in all its replendant
glory as the nucleus of the sikh faith.